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What YOU can do

Pandemic Flu

Pandemic flu is not the same as seasonal flu. Every year in the UK we have a 'flu season' which usually runs from October to May. A flu pandemic occurs when a new influenza virus emerges and spreads around the world. As it is a new type of flu, most people do not have immunity meaning it can spread more easily.



There are three main sources of flooding: coastal, river and surface water. Of these, coastal flooding has the potential to have the greatest impact. Excessive tidal levels may cause coastal and estuary defences to be overtopped or breached. This could cause drains to overflow.

Coastal Pollution & Seaborne Incidents

The Maritime and Coastguard Agency has well practised plans, including all the relevant emergency services, for both major and minor pollution incidents. There are also procedures for handling vessels that are involved in accidents.

Industrial Incidents

Certain industrial activities involving dangerous substances have the potential to cause accidents. Some of these accidents may cause serious injuries to people or damage to the environment. Much has been done to help prevent industrial accidents and to minimise their effects.

Animal Diseases

Exotic notifiable animal diseases can affect a wide range of species including horses, cattle, sheep, goats, pigs and chickens and other domestic animals such as birds, cats and dogs. Some diseases can also affect human health as well.

Severe Weather

Severe weather can take many different forms such as heavy rain, snow, strong winds and extreme temperatures, both heat waves and cold snaps. It can cause significant disruption to normal life

Loss of Utilities

Utilities include all of the different essential services that we rely on as part of day to day life and the economy - electricity, water, gas, oil fuel, transport, telecommunications, food, health and financial services.


Knowing what to do during an emergency is an important part of being prepared and may make all the difference when seconds count. In the case of most major emergencies, the simple advice is to inside, stay inside and tune into local radio.